“Armenia is the cradle of civilization,
one of the leading and most developed states of the Ancient World.”
Franz Werfel, Austrian novelist, humanist
On September 21, 1991 by means of referendum, the Republic of Armenia proclaimed its independence and at the end of the same year Armenia entered the Commonwealth of Independent Countries (CIS). Now the Republic of Armenia is an independent democratic country with a population of around 3.2 million. It has very large Diaspora, an average of 8 million Armenians live worldwide. The Republic of Armenia is a member of the United Nations, Council of Europe and other international organizations.
The capital of the Republic of Armenia is Yerevan. It is one of a few modern cities in the world which is 2798 years old, but in spite of its age it is modern and dynamic. There are many historical and cultural museums as well as art galleries in Yerevan but one of the most precious treasures of the Armenian nation is the collection of ancient manuscripts being kept in Matenadaran (the Institute of Ancient manuscripts named after Mesrop Mashtots).
Armenia is one of the most ancient countries of the world. It is a small country that connects Europe to Asia. It was the third largest state in the Near East, after the Roman Empire and Parthia over 2000 years ago. One of the facts that Armenia is the ancient country is the Babylonian map of the World (dd. VI century B.C.) which is kept in the British Museum. It is a small clay tablet where three countries are listed in the center of the world - Babylon, Assyria and Armenia.
Armenia is the first country in the world, which officially adopted Christianity in 301 A.D. It is also considered “the open-air museum” of Christianity as there are about 14 000 state-protected monuments (several of which are icluded in the UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity), including monasteries, churches, cross-stones (khachkars), chapels, tombs etc. It should be mentioned that the ancient monuments of Armenia also reflect the deep traditions of Armenian architecture, testifying high professional skills of its architects.
Though Armenia is small its nature is very rich and original with its flora, fauna, minerals and stones. Armenia is a modern country with talented people, rich culture and heritage, traditional hospitality, delicious and healthy cuisine and safe environment.
The world of Armenia is a world of endless secrets and admiration!
National flag of Armenia was approved on the 24th of August, 1990. The national flag of Armenia, the Armenian Tricolour (Armenian: Եռագույն), consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange on the bottom.
Armenia's coat of arms was adopted on April 19, 1992. It was designed by member of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts, architect Alexander Tamanian and artist Hakob Kojoyan. It consists of an eagle and lion holding onto a shield, divided into five sections. In the center is a depiction of Mount Ararat with Noah’s ark sitting atop it, surrounded with the symbols of Armenian dynasties.